If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetic macular edema (DME), there are three main treatment paths:
Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) inhibitor therapy (or anti-VEGF) is a class of drug that blocks or slows development of new blood vessels and limits leakage from existing ones. These drugs are typically injected into the eye monthly or every other month.
There are two corticosteroid drugs that are FDA approved to reduce DME and improve vision. These drugs work by targeting the inflammation and swelling in the retina. One drug is usually injected every few months. A second option is designed to release a very low dose of corticosteroid consistently and continuously for up to 36 months with a single injection.
With laser photocoagulation, your ophthalmologist directs a laser into the back of the eye and cauterizes leaking blood vessels in the retina.
Speak with your ophthalmologist or retina specialist about the treatment option that best suits your DME.